Tres millones de viviendas vacías

La Sociedad de Gestión de Activos Bancarios (SAREB para los amigos) se ha puesto en marcha Como todo el mundo sabe ya a estas alturas, el objetivo de esta entidad creada por el Estado es quedarse con buena parte de las viviendas, edificios y terrenos que bancos y cajas tienen en sus balances.

Pero no se quedará ni mucho menos con TODAS las viviendas vacías que hay en España. Y es que la cifra que arroja el Instituto Nacional de Estadística sencillamente asusta: más de tres millones de viviendas en todo el país (aquí puede accederse a la ventana por provincias).

La distribución de esas viviendas a nivel territorial tiene la siguiente forma:

Mapa de viviendas vacías en España, según el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (www.ine.es)

Mapa de viviendas vacías en España, según el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (www.ine.es)

¿Dónde se concentran estas viviendas? Básicamente, en dos grandes zonas: Madrid y la costa mediterránea. Lo más llamativo es que seis ciudades concentran más de un tercio del total (un 37,17% exactamente). Estas seis ciudades, por orden, son Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia, Alicante, Murcia y Castellón. Entre ellas, suman 1.149.343 pisos vacíos.

Comparativa de Madrid, Barcelona y la costa valenciana respecto del total (fuente: INE)

Comparativa de Madrid, Barcelona y la costa valenciana respecto del total (fuente: INE)

El parque estimado de viviendas en España, según las mismas fuentes, se cifraba en 2010 en 25.837.108. Por lo tanto, un 12%, o lo que es lo mismo, una de cada ocho viviendas, está desocupada en estos momentos.

Es un panorama difícil para todos, puesto que la demanda actual de vivienda, según el informe Acuña (ver presentación) se estima en apenas 200.000 viviendas anuales hasta 2020, y de sólo 50.000 la década siguiente. Si las proyecciones fuesen ciertas, hasta 2030 no se absorbería todo el stock actual.

Ardua tarea la que le espera al banco malo.

 

SIMÓN CASAS

Fundador del sitio web Kenaria, donde comparte su experiencia como escritor y ayuda a otras personas a dar forma a sus historias. Su último libro, co-escrito con el coach financiero Israel Pardo, se titula “Gana el juego del dinero”.

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  1. 19/12/2012

    […] el artículo de ayer, hablé sobre el stock de viviendas sin ocupar que consta en la base de datos del Instituto […]

  2. 15/01/2013

    […] anteriores artículos, he hablado sobre el stock de viviendas que se estima a finales de 2012-principios de 2013. […]

  3. 16/01/2013

    […] proporción baja de 2 personas por vivienda. Contando con que todas estén ocupadas (recordemos que el INE habla de más de tres millones de viviendas vacías en la actualidad). Si restamos esos tres millones, la proporción sería de 2,2 personas por […]

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